LIMPOPO RIVER
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The Limpopo River  forms the border between South Africa and Zimbabwe as well as part of the borders between South Africa and Botswana and Mozambique.    

The mouth of the Limpopo River mouth is near Xai-Xai at the Mozambique coast line.  Important tributaries are the Marico which also forms part of the border between Botswana and South Africa, the Crocodile River which drains the south western region of the Limpopo province and the Olifants River which drains the north eastern slopes of the Drakensberg Mountains and the Kruger National Park and the Luvuvhu which drains the north eastern part of the Kruger National Park and Limpopo Province.  

The Water Management Areas as defined by the Department of Water Affairs and Forestry within the Limpopo catchment are as follows:  limdwaf.jpg (47617 bytes)  

The Crocodile (west)/Marico Water Management Area (Marico):  The Marico, Upper Molopo and Upper Ngotwane River catchments make up the western part of the Crocodile West and Marico Water Management Area. These catchments border on Botswana to the northwest, the Crocodile West catchment in the east. (Ref.4)  

The Crocodile (west)/Marico Water Management Area (Crocodile):The Crocodile River is a major tributary of the Limpopo River . The Pienaars, Apies, Moretele, Hennops, Jukskei, Magalies and Elands rivers are the major tributaries of the Crocodile River.  The upper portion of the catchment, south east of Hartbeespoort Dam, is located in the Gauteng Province. The north and north-east corners lie in the Limpopo Province whereas the central or western sections fall within the North West Province. The total area of the Crocodile River Catchment is 29 400 km2. (Ref.5)

 

The Limpopo Water Management Area: The Limpopo Water Management Area (WMA) is the northern most water management area in the country and represents part of the South African portion of the Limpopo Basin which is also shared by Botswana, Zimbabwe and Mozambique. The WMA borders on Botswana and Zimbabwe, where the Limpopo River forms the entire length of the international boundary before flowing into Mozambique. (Ref.1)  

The Luvuvhu/Letaba Water Management Area: The main rivers in the WMA are the Luvuvhu, Shingwedzi and Letaba rivers, which all flow in an easterly direction through the Kruger National Park and into Mozambique before discharging into the Indian Ocean. The Shingwedzi River first flows into the Rio des Elephantes (Olifants River) in Mozambique, which then joins the Limpopo River. The two main tributaries of the Letaba River, the Klein and Groot Letaba, have their confluence on the western boundary of the Kruger National Park, whilst the Letaba River flows into the Olifants River just upstream of the border with Mozambique. (Ref.2).  
  Limpopo  crooks corner.JPG (42312 bytes) Luvuvhu inflow to limpopo (confluence) crooks corner.JPG (78949 bytes)          

The Olifants Water Management Area: The Olifants River originates near Bethal in the Highveld of Mpumalanga. The river initially flows northwards before curving in an easterly direction through the Kruger National Park and into Mozambique where it joins the Limpopo River before discharging into the Indian Ocean. The Olifants Water Management Area corresponds with the South African portion of the Olifants River  catchment but excludes the Letaba River catchment. The area of the Olifants WMA is 54550 km2. The Olifants Water Management Area falls within three provinces viz Gauteng, Mpumalanga, and the Limpopo Province. The main tributaries are the Wilge, Elands and Ga-Selati Rivers on the left bank and the Steelpoort, Blyde, Klaserie and Timbavati Rivers on the right bank. (Ref.3).  
 

 

   
             
           
           
           
NOTE: If you have any photos (digital or prints) which you think eWISA can add to this page to help to complete this 'story book', do not hesitate to contact us at ewisa@wamsys.co.za . You will be fully referenced and the material will also be added to the eWISA photo library. Note: Past (historical) are  as important as present photos.
           

 


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References:
Ref 1: Department of Water Affairs and Forestry, South Africa. 2004. Internal Strategic Perspective: Limpopo Water Management Area : Prepared by Goba Moahloli Keeve Steyn (Pty) Ltd, in association with Tlou & Matji (Pty) Ltd and Golder Associates (Pty) Ltd. on behalf of the Directorate: National Water Resource Planning. Report No. P WMA 01/000/00/0304.

Ref.2. Department of Water Affairs and Forestry, South Africa. 2004. Luvuvhu/Letaba Water Management Area: Internal Strategic Perspective. Prepared by Goba Moahloli Keeve Steyn (Pty) Ltd in association with Tlou and Matji, Golder Associates Africa and BKS on behalf of the Directorate: National Water Resource Planning. DWAF Report No. P WMA 02/000/00/0304. 

Ref.3. Department of Water Affairs and Forestry, South Africa. 2004. Olifants Water Management Area: Internal Strategic Perspective. Prepared by GMKS, Tlou and Matji and WMB on behalf of the Directorate: National Water Resource Planning. DWAF Report No P WMA 04/000/00/0304 .

Ref.4. Department of Water Affairs and Forestry, South Africa. 2004. Crocodile (West) and Marico Water Management Area: Internal Strategic Perspective of the Marico-Upper Molopo & Upper Ngotwane catchments. Prepared by Goba Moahloli Keeve Steyn in association with Golder and Associates and Tlou and Matji (Pty) Ltd. DWAF Report No. P WMA 03/000/00/0404

Ref.5. Department of Water Affairs and Forestry, South Africa. 2004. Crocodile River (West) and Marico Water Management Area: Internal Strategic Perspective of the Crocodile River (West) catchment : Prepared by Goba Moahloli Keeve Steyn (Pty) Ltd, Tlou & Matji (Pty) Ltd and Golder Associates (Pty) Ltd, on behalf of the Directorate: National Water Resource Planning. DWAF Report No. 03/000/00/0303.

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