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The Olifants River originates near Bethal in the Highveld of Mpumalanga. The river initially flows northwards before curving in an easterly direction through the Kruger National Park and into Mozambique where it joins the Limpopo River before discharging into the Indian Ocean. The Olifants water management area corresponds with the South African portion of the Olifants River catchment but excludes the Letaba River catchment. The area of the Olifants Water Management Area is 54550 km2. The Olifants water management area falls within three provinces viz Gauteng, Mpumalanga, and the Limpopo Province. The main tributaries are the Letaba, Wilge, Elands and Ga-Selati Rivers on the left bank and the Steelpoort, Blyde, Klaserie and Timbavati Rivers on the right bank. (Ref.3).

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Map of the Olifants River  
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"The Olifants Catchment covers about 54 570 km2 and is subdivided into 9 secondary catchments"  (www.csir.co.za/rhp/state_of_rivers/state_of_crocsabieolif_01/olif_eco.htm)  

"The Olifants River meanders past the foot of the Strydpoort Mountains and through the Drakensberg, descending over the escarpment. The Steelpoort and Blyde tributaries, and others, join the Olifants River before it enters the Kruger National Park and neighbouring private game reserves. Crossing the Mozambique border, the Olifants River flows into the Massingire Dam." (www.csir.co.za/rhp/state_of_rivers/state_of_crocsabieolif_01/olif_eco.htm)  
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Ref.1. Department of Water Affairs and Forestry, South Africa. 2004. Olifants Water Management Area: Internal Strategic Perspective. Prepared by GMKS, Tlou and Matji and WMB on behalf of the Directorate: National Water Resource Planning. DWAF Report No P WMA 04/000/00/0304 .

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